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Unveiling the Marvels of the Foot and Ankle

The human body is a magnificent piece of engineering, and some of its most remarkable feats (pun intended) occur right at the ground level - in the feet and ankles. Often overlooked, these small but intricate structures are vital to our mobility, balance, and overall well-being. In this blog post, we're going to take a deep dive into the wonders of the foot and ankle, exploring their anatomy, biomechanics, and the crucial roles they play in our daily lives.

Anatomy of the Foot and Ankle: A Masterpiece of Complexity

The foot and ankle consist of numerous bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, and tendons, all working together seamlessly to simultaneously promote both movement and stability. Let’s delve into the anatomy quickly so you see what I mean.

Layers of the anatomy of the feet


  • Feet: Total of 26 bones in each foot including the tarsal, metatarsal, and phalangeal bones.

  • Ankle: Only three bones come together to form the ankle joint- the tibia, fibula, and talus bones.


  • Feet: There are 33 joints in the foot, each with a specific function that ultimately helps us walk, balance, distribute our weight when standing, and so much more!

  • Ankle: The talocrural joint allows sagittal plane motion, while the subtalar joint permits coronal plane movements. Both of these joints play important roles in our ability to balance and propel ourselves forward.


  • Around 20 intrinsic and extrinsic muscles control foot and ankle movements. These muscles work in harmony to provide stability and mobility, helping us maintain balance and adapt to various terrains.

Ligaments and Tendons:

  • Ligaments connect bone to bone, while tendons attach muscles to bone. In the foot and ankle, approximately 120 ligaments provide stability, and also play an important role in returning energy during our stride with their tension. The tendons to many the many intrinsic and extrinsic muscles of the foot and ankle enable dynamic movements like pointing the toes or flexing the ankle.

Biomechanics: The Dance of the Foot and Ankle

The biomechanics of the foot and ankle are nothing short of awe-inspiring. They function as both a shock absorber and a lever, adapting to our movements and the surfaces we traverse. Here are some of the important roles the foot plays in our bodies:

Shock Absorption: The arches of the foot act as natural shock absorbers, distributing the impact forces encountered during activities like walking or running. This protects not only the feet but also the knees, hips, and spine.

Balance and Proprioception: The foot is rich in proprioceptors, sensory receptors that provide feedback about body position and movement. This information is crucial for balance and coordination, enabling us to maintain an upright posture despite uneven ground.

Adaptation to Terrain: The foot's flexibility allows it to adapt to various surfaces, from soft sand to rocky trails. Muscles, ligaments, and tendons work in tandem to provide stability and prevent injuries.

The Importance of Foot and Ankle Health

Maintaining the health of your feet and ankles is essential for overall well-being. Neglecting them can lead to a host of problems, including:

Pain and Discomfort: Issues like bunions, intermetatarsal neuromas, and ankle sprains can cause persistent pain and limit mobility.

Posture Problems: Foot and ankle problems can be related to postural issues. At the Morales Method® when it comes to posture, we’re more from the “School of Pelvis”, but regardless, it’s hard to deny that feet can have an effect on posture.

Reduced Mobility: If you’ve ever had pain in your feet in ankles, you well know how much this can hinder your ability to be mobile. You might be able to “put your feet up” and rest, but you definitely begin to realize how much you take for granted the ability to even just walk across the room.

Manual Therapy for the Foot & Ankle

Detailed manual therapy in these territories can be incredibly valuable to your clients and your practice. Your ability to navigate all the nooks and crannies of the feet and ankles to promote support and mobility in this often-forgotten structure can set you apart from your peers.

If you’re ready to take your foot and work to the next level, check out our online class Advanced Foot & Ankle Work! This course will offer you the techniques to work the feet and ankles safely and effectively and also address common issues like sprains, intermetatarsal neuromas, and bunions! Click here to enroll now and become a master of detailed foot & ankle work!


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